Topic 1: National Civil Services Day

Context: The Government of India commemorates ‘Civil Services Day’ every year on April 21.

Key details:

Topic 2: UN climate report

Context: The report was recently published by the UN’s World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Key findings:

Topic 3: Pushkaralu festival

Context: The 12-day Pushkaralu festival celebrated by Telugus started in Varanasi recently.

About the festival:

6Krishna, Krishna in Telangana and Andhra PradeshIn Tamil Nadu, the festival is celebrated at the Sangu Theertham tank at Vedagiriswarar temple.
8Bhima, Bhima in MaharashtraKarnatakaTelangana; andTamraparni river in Tamil Nadu.
9Tapti, (Pushkaravahini);In Assam, the festival is celebrated on the banks of Brahmaputra river.
11Sindhu (Indus);
12Pranhita (Parineeta);

Topic 4: Rule of law

Context: The killing of Atiq Ahmed (gangster-politician) in Uttar Pradesh has raised questions on the rule of law.

What is the rule of law?

World Justice Project:

Rule of law index

Significance of Rule of law:

Where does India stand on the rule of law Index?

Where does Uttar Pradesh rank on the rule of law?

Rule of Law and Indian Constitution

Exceptions to Rule of Law


Topic 5: Guided bombs

Context: Russia is increasingly using guided bombs against Ukraine.

What are guided bombs?

Topic 6: Quote: Every village has to become a self-sufficient republic

Context: The National Panchayati Raj Day was celebrated recently and the law on the governance of India’s villages was also a manifestation of one of Mahatma Gandhi’s central principles.

Context of the quote

Topic 7: How can a juvenile be tried as an adult in Court?

Context: The National Commission for Protection of Children (NCPCR) has recently issued guidelines for conducting a preliminary assessment by the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) under Section 15 of the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 (JJ Act, 2015).

Key details:


About NCPCR The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is a statutory body established by the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.Concerned ministry:The Commission works under the aegis of Ministry of Women and Child Development.Role:The Commission is mandated to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.Definition of child:As defined by the commission, child includes person up to the age of 18 years.Memberschairperson andSix members, out of which at least two are woman are appointed by the Central GovernmentGHAR Portal:The Commission has developed and launched the portal GHAR – Go Home and Reunite, with the sole purpose of restoration and repatriation of children.The GHAR portal has been developed to digitally monitor and track the restoration and repatriation of children.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act) 2015The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act was introduced and passed in Parliament in 2015 to replace the Juvenile Delinquency Law and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act) 2000.Main Provisions:Allowing the trial of juveniles in conflict with law in the age group of 16-18 years as adults, in cases where the crimes were to be determined.The nature of the crime, and whether the juvenile should be tried as a minor or a child, was to be determined by a Juvenile Justice Board.Another major provision was with regards to adoption, bringing a more universally acceptable adoption law instead of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956) and Guardians of the ward Act (1890) which was for Muslims, although the Act did not replace these laws.The Act streamlined adoption procedures for orphans, abandoned and surrendered children and the existing Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) has been given the status of a statutory body to enable it to perform its function more effectively.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *