Topic 1: Centre seeks more social diversity in judges’ appointment

Context: Law Minister informs Lok Sabha that 454 of the 604 High Court judges appointed since 2018 belong to general category.

Appointment of Judges:


What prevents the judiciary from ensuring social diversity?

How did Parliament seek to ensure social diversity in judiciary?

Topic 2: ‘Impose President’s Rule in Manipur’ Opposition demands


About President Rule:

What is President Rule?

What happens after President’s Rule is imposed?

When is President’s Rule imposed?
It has been seen that the President’s Rule has been imposed when any one of the following circumstances have occurred:

Topic 3: Online portal launched to report violation of ban on e-cigarettes

Context:  Electronic cigarettes continue to be sold on e-commerce sites, even to children below 18, warn experts working in the area of tobacco control.

About Electronic cigarettes:

Impacts on Health:

The Ethical Dilemma

Topic 4: India forex reserves top $600 billion, rise to near 15-month high

Context: India’s forex reserves see the biggest weekly jump in four months, as they went up by $12.74 billion to $609.02 billion, as per the Reserve Bank of India’s update.


Supporting Factors:

Importance of Increasing Foreign Exchange Reserves

Topic 5: India mulls green power trade with SE Asia

Context:  India is in talks with several Southeast Asian nations, including Singapore and Thailand, for cross-border trade of renewable energy (RE) electricity.

Topic 6: Varanasi court orders ASI survey of Gyanvapi mosque

Context: The court instructed the Archaeological Society of India to conduct the survey of the mosque barring the barricaded ‘wazukhana’ where Hindu litigants had claimed that they had found a ‘shivling’.

The wazukhana – a small pool inside the mosque where Hindu litigants claim that a shivling exists – will not be part of the survey, in the wake of an earlier Supreme Court order to protect the area.

Topic 7: Surat Diamond Bourse

Context: Prime Minister of India is expected to inaugurate the Surat Diamond Bourse, claimed to be the world’s biggest office space in a single project, on November 21.

Key details:

Who are the Angadias?

Topic 8: Judicial Recusal

Context: Recently a judge recused himself from a hearing.

About Judicial Recusal:

Types of recusal:

Automatic recusalDiscretionary recusal
When a judge is required to recuse themselves by law.When a judge has the discretion to recuse themselves.
Example – A judge must recuse themselves if they have a financial interest in the outcome of the case.Example – A judge may recuse themselves if they have a close personal relationship with one of the parties.

Process for recusal

Topic 9: FASAL and NADAMS

Context: The government is implementing various projects related to Crop Production Forecasting and Drought Assessment such as FASAL and NADAMS.


Topic 10: Portal to report violation of ban on e-cigarettes

Context: The Health Ministry has launched an online portal to facilitate reporting of violations under the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Act (PECA).

About e-cigarettes:


The Ethical Dilemma

Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Act (PECA) The Act seeks to prohibit the productiontradestorage, and advertisement of electronic cigarettes.Definition of Electronic cigarettes:The Act defines electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as electronic devices that heat a substance, which may contain nicotine and other chemicals, to create vapour for inhalation. These e-cigarettes can also contain different flavours and include all forms of electronic nicotine delivery systems, heat-not-burn products, e-hookahs, and other similar devices.Any productionmanufacturingimportexporttransportsale (including online sale), distribution or advertisement (including online advertisement) of e-cigarettes shall become a cognisable offence in India.This will be punishable with an imprisonment of up to one year or fine up to Rs 1 lakh or both for the first offence.In case someone is caught flouting the law again, the punishment would be imprisonment of up to three years and fine up to Rs 5 lakh.Those found storing e-cigarettes will be punished with an imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs 50,000 or both.Those who have existing stocks of e-cigarettes will have to declare and deposit them with the nearest police station on their own before the ordinance comes into effect

Way Forward

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *