U.K. Passes Rwanda Deportation Bill

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations



Ethical issues with the Bill

1951 Refugee Convention

India’s stand on refugee convention

Overview of migration terms

– Asylum seeker: A person who is seeking international protection. Prior to being granted legal status in the destination country, refugees are termed asylum seekers. Not all asylum seekers will be granted refugee status.
– Internally displaced person: Someone who has been forced to flee from their home to avoid conflict, violence and disasters and has moved within an internationally recognized state border.
– Migrant: A migrant is an “umbrella term, not defined under international law, reflecting the common lay understanding of a person who moves away from his or her place of usual residence, whether within a country or across a border, temporarily or permanently, and for a variety of reasons”.
– Refugee: According to the 1951 United Nations Convention, refugees are individuals living outside their countries of origin who are in need of international protection because of feared persecution, or a serious threat to their life, physical integrity or freedom in their country of origin.
a. Refugees have legal permission to remain in the host country and may have access to health care, education and welfare benefits.

Source: IE

Vietnamese Methods to Reduce Methane 

Syllabus: GS3/Environmental Pollution/Agriculture


Vietnamese Model of Rice Cultivation

Rice Cultivation & Climate Change

India’s Methane Emissions through Agriculture

Measures to Reduce Methane Emissions

Source: TH

Status of National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

Syllabus :GS 3/Environment 

In News

What is the NCAP?

Issues and Concerns

Role of scientific tools

Conclusion and Way Forward 


Reality of the Swachh Bharat Mission

Syllabus: GS2/Governance



What is the Swachh Bharat Mission?


Challenges in Implementing Swachh Bharat Mission

Way Ahead

Source: TH

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