Topic 1: Madhav Gadgil report

Context: A landslide in Maharashtra’s Raigad district last week claimed 27 lives, flattened an entire village, and brought back into focus the 2011 Dr Madhav Gadgil report on conservation of the Western Ghats.

About the report:

Kasturirangam Committee vs the Gadgil committee:

Topic 2: Meri Maati, Mera Desh campaign

Context: The Union government has launched the Meri Maati, Mera Desh campaign envisaged as a culminating event of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebration.

Key details:

Topic 3: Mexico border barrier

Context: The US Justice Department sued the state of Texas for installing floating barriers in the Rio Grande River to stop migrants crossing from Mexico.

Key  details:

Topic 4: Flight Duty Time Limitation

Context: Recently, around 100 passengers were stranded in Rajkot after their Air India flight to Delhi was cancelled as the pilot had refused to take off because it would have violated the flight duty time limitation (FDTL) norms laid down by India’s aviation safety regulator.

About FDTL:


Way forward:
The DGCAThe Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is a statutory body of the Government of India to regulate civil aviation in India.It became a statutory body under the Aircraft (Amendment) Act, 2020.The DGCA investigates aviation accidents and incidents, maintains all regulations related to aviation and is responsible for issuance of licenses pertaining to aviation like.Headquarter: New Delhi.The Government of India is planning to replace the organisation with a Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), modelled on the lines of the American Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

Topic 5: Himachal floods: a man-made disaster?

Context: Flash floods during this year’s monsoon season have caused unprecedented damage to both lives and assets in Himachal Pradesh.

Major Concerns:

The climate change link:

Anthropogenic factors:

Impact of Hydropower projects

Impact of Tourism:

Impact of cement plants

Changing crop patterns

Way forward:

Topic 6: Instant settlement of trades of SEBI

Context: The securities market regulator has said it is working on real-time settlement of transactions in India’s stock exchanges.

About trade settlement

SEBI’s current announcement:

Securities and Exchange Board of IndiaSEBI is a statutory body and a market regulator, which controls the securities market in India.The basic functions of Sebi is to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote and regulate the securities market. Sebi is run by its board of members.The board consists of a Chairman and several other whole time and part time members.The chairman is nominated by the union government.The others include:two members from the finance ministry,one member from Reserve Bank of India andfive other members are also nominated by the Centre.The headquarters of Sebi is situated in Mumbai and the regional offices are located in Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai and Delhi.HistoryBefore Sebi came into existence, Controller of Capital Issues was the regulatory authority.It derived authority from the Capital Issues (Control) Act, 1947.In 1988Sebi was constituted as the regulator of capital markets in India.Initially, Sebi was a non-statutory body without any statutory power.Following the passage of the Sebi Act by Parliament in 1992, it was given autonomous and statutory powers.

Topic 7: Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome

The World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a man had been infected with the deadly Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

About Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

Topic 8: No confidence motion

Context: Lok Sabha Speaker recently accepted the Opposition’s no confidence motion against the Government.

About a no confidence motion

How many no confidence motions have been moved in the past?

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