Topic 1: Women’s reservation Bill (updated from 25th September 2023)

Why in news: In a historic move, Parliament passed the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty Eighth Amendment) Bill, commonly referred to as the women’s reservation Bill, which provides 33% reservation for women in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.

About the Bill:


Main issues regarding the Bill

About Delimitation:Delimitation, or the readjustment of territorial limits of the Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies, as well as the number of seats in the Assembly and the Lok Sabha in each State, is a periodical exercise done based on the figures available in the latest Census.The last delimitation order of the Delimitation Commission was issued in 2008, fixing the boundaries of all constituencies.However, there is currently a freeze on the readjustment of the number of seats in the State Assemblies and the Lok Sabha.In 2002Article 82 was amended to the effect that it shall not be necessary to readjust the allocation of Lok Sabha constituencies State-wise and the division of each State into constituencies until the figures of the first Census held after 2026 were available.

Implications of the Bill:

Arguments for the Bill

Arguments against the Bill

Way forward:

Topic 2: IBSA forum

Why in news: External Affairs Minister visits the United States as part of the IBSA group meeting, to further strengthen South-South cooperation.

About IBSA

Topic 3: Vibrio vulnificus

Why in news: Vibrio vulnificus is a marine bacterium that could become a major threat to coastal populations in the future

Key details:

Indian scenario:


Topic 4: Kaobal Gali-Mushkoh Valley

Why in news: Kaobal Gali-Mushkoh Valley opens up for tourists.

Key details:

Topic 5: Nilgiri tahr

Why in news: Tamil Nadu, Kerala to join hands to count endangered Nilgiri tahr.

Key details:

About Nilgiri Tahr:


Topic 6: Findings of the Parliament panel on New Education Policy

Why in news: The Parliament Standing Committee on Education tabled a report during the special session of Parliament on the “Implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 in Higher Education.”

What did the report say?



Multiple entry multiple exit programme

Topic 7: Fukushima N-wastewater controversy

Why in news: Amid strong backlash from the public and neighbouring countries, Japan began the release of contaminated water from the Fukushima nuclear plant into the sea.

Key details:


How is the water being treated?

Why tritium cant be removed:

Safety of the water:

Way forward:

Topic 8: The Cauvery water conundrum

Why in news: The Supreme Court asked Karnataka to continue releasing 5,000 cubic feet per second (cusecs) of water from the Cauvery river to Tamil Nadu for 15 days, in line with decisions of the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee (CWRC) and the Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA). This has evoked a strong reaction from certain sections of Karnataka, an upper riparian State.

How is the Cauvery water being shared?

Issues in Karnataka:

Issues in Tamil Nadu:

Way forward

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