Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN)

Syllabus:GS1/Society, GS2/Governance


About campaign 


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

Recognition to PVTGs

Source: PIB

PLI 2.0 for Steel Sector



Present status of Steel Industry in India

Concerns of Steel Sector in India

Potential of Steel Sector in India

Steps taken by Government

Specialty Steel 
– is a value-added steel wherein normal finished steel is worked upon by way of coating, plating, heat treatment etc.
– It is useful in applications requiring specific properties such as defense, space, power, automobile, specialized capital goods etc. 

Way Ahead

Source: TH

Maritime Security

Syllabus: GS3/Internal Security

In Context

What is Maritime security?

Threats to the Maritime Security of India

Maritime Security Mechanism of India

Steps Taken by Government of India to Strengthen the Maritime Security

Source: TH

Licensing Framework for Authorised Persons (APs)’ under (FEMA) 

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy

In News

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released a draft ‘Licensing Framework for Authorised Persons (APs)’ under Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999.

About the Draft 

Do you know ?
– Money changers provide access to foreign exchange facilities to residents and tourists. 
– ADs are entities authorised by the RBI to deal in foreign exchange.

Key Highlights 

 Purpose  and Need

Foreign Exchange Management Act,1999

Source: Air 

Advisory on Deep Fakes

Syllabus: GS3/ Cyber Security: Challenges and Management


The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology recently sent an advisory to social media firms to comply with the Information Technology Rules, 2021. 


Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021.
– Aim: To enforce greater due diligence by online gaming and social media intermediaries in respect of online games & fake or false misleading information.
Key Provisions: 
– The 2021 Rules require the intermediary to “publish” rules and regulations, privacy policy and user agreement for access or usage of its services.   
– The Rules specify restrictions on the types of content that users are allowed to create, upload, or share. 
A. The Rules require intermediaries to “inform” users about these restrictions.  
– It also adds that intermediaries should take all reasonable measures to ensure accessibility of their services to all users, with a reasonable expectation of due diligence, privacy, and transparency.   
– Further, intermediaries should respect the constitutional rights of all users.

Deep Fakes:


Challenges and Concerns:

What should be done?

Way Ahead:


Management of Tuberculosis (TB)

Syllabus: GS2/Health

In Context


What is Tuberculosis?

India’s Burden of TB

Challenges Faced by India in Eliminating TB

Steps Taken by Government of India to Eliminate TB


Source: TH

Renewable Energy in India

Syllabus: GS3/Energy


India will witness more than 83% increase in investments in renewable energy (RE) projects to about $16.5 billion in 2024, Power Ministry estimates show.


Renewable energy in India: Present Status


While India’s renewable energy sector has seen impressive growth, it still faces several challenges hindering its full potential.

a) Integration and Infrastructure:

b) Financial and Resource Constraints:

c) Regulatory Hurdles:

d) Technological and Market Hurdles:

Measures needed: 

Major Programmes in Renewable Energy Sector 
1. National Solar Mission (NSM): In January 2010, the NSM was launched with the objective of establishing India as a global leader in solar energy. The target of NSM was to install 200 GW solar power by 2022. 
2. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM): It was launched in 2019 to help farmers accessing reliable day-time solar power for irrigation, reduce power subsidies, and decarbonise agriculture. 
3. Atal Jyoti Yojana (AJAY): A Scheme for the installation of solar street lights  to replace conventional street lights with smart and energy efficient LED street lights.
4. Solar Parks Scheme: To facilitate large scale grid-connected solar power projects.
5. Green Energy Corridor (GEC): To facilitate renewable power evacuation and reshaping the grid for future requirements.
6. International Solar Alliance (ISA): The India-France joint initiative of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) with an aim to reduce carbon footprint. 

Way Forward:


Facts In News

Tansen Samaroh 

Syllabus “:GS 1/Art and Culture 

In News

 Around 1,300 tabla players who performed  during Tansen Samaroh  entered the Guinness World Records for achieving the “largest tabla ensemble”.

About Tansen Samaroh 


Current Account Deficit (CAD)

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy

In News

India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to 1 per cent of GDP in the second quarter (Q2) of FY24 against 3.8 per cent in the year-ago quarter due to lower merchandise trade deficit.

About Current Account Deficit (CAD)

Image Courtesy :  Ncert

Sunehri Bagh Masjid

Syllabus: GS1/Culture



Legacy of the Mosque

Source: IE

Non-Invasive Formaldehyde Sensor

Syllabus: GS3/Science & Technology


About sensor

Do you know ?
– Food adulteration is the practice of adding illegal or harmful substances to food to make it appear more appealing or to increase its shelf life. 
– Formaldehyde is a colorless, pungent gas that is used in a variety of industrial processes, including as a preservative in some foods, commonly in fish. 
A. However, the use of formaldehyde in food is illegal in many countries, as it is a known carcinogen.

Existing Invasive sensors

Significance of Non-Invasive sensors

Source: PIB

Lonospheric Observations in Antarctica

Syllabus: GS1/ Salient features of  World’s physical geography


The cold winters and the bright sunny summer of Antarctica holds crucial information in the ionosphere that scientists have traced recently. 


The Observations:

Do you know?
– The ionosphere is a part of Earth’s upper atmosphere, which is partially ionized extending from 100-1000 km.
 The ionosphere at polar regions is highly dynamic and acts as a major energy sink for space weather events, and related processes in magnetosphere-ionosphere systems as the magnetic field lines are vertical in this region. 
– The ionospheric observations in Antarctica are few compared to the Arctic region due to geographic limitations and limited number of stations.




Syllabus: Prelims/Current Events of national importance/Health


The ICMR has invited Expression of Interest (EoI) from the eligible organisations manufacturing non-invasive haemoglobinometer useful in effective screening of anaemia.


What is anaemia? 

Prevalence in India:


Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code

Syllabus: GS1/Society/GS 2/Governance

In Context

About Section 498A

Source: TH

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Syllabus: GS2/Regional and Global Groupings

In Context

About NATO

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