Curbing Leftwing Extremism

Syllabus: GS3/Role of Non-State Actors


About the Leftwing Extremism (also known as Naxalism):

Challenges associated with the LWE in India

Government’s Response


Source: PIB

Criminalisation of Politics in India

Syllabus: GS2/Governance


Criminalisation of Politics in India

Key Findings of ADR

– Rajya Sabha Candidates: About 36% of Rajya Sabha candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves while the average assets of candidates analysed stood at ₹127.81 crore.
– Electoral Bonds: The Supreme Court held that the Electoral Bonds Scheme was unconstitutional for violating the right to information of voters.
– Registered Unrecognised Political Parties: According to a report by ADR, the number of registered unrecognised political parties has increased two-fold from 2010 to 2019.
– Election Commissioners Appointment: ADR argues that the present practice of appointment of Election Commissioners by the Centre is violative of Articles 14 and Article 324 (2) and the basic features of the Constitution.

Major Reasons

Issues of Criminalization of Politics

Measures to Curb Criminalisation

Related Supreme Court Judgement

Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR)

– It is an apolitical and non-partisan non-profit organisation in India that was established in 1999 by a group of professors from the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad.
– It focuses on corruption and criminalization in the political process, empowerment of the electorate through greater dissemination of information relating to the candidates and the parties etc.
– It has published numerous reports on the criminal backgrounds, financial details, and other relevant information of candidates contesting in various elections.

Conclusion and Way Forward

Source: TH

Bitcoin Halving

Syllabus: GS3/Economy

In Context

What is Bitcoin?

Indian Government’s stand on Cryptocurrency

– The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), has long recommended a complete ban on all crypto, warning that it has the potential to destabilize the country’s monetary and fiscal stability.
– Despite having no regulatory framework for crypto, the Indian government had introduced a new tax regime, taxing crypto income at 30% and a 1% tax deducted at source (TDS) on crypto transactions.

What is Bitcoin Halving?

Impact of Bitcoin Halving:


Source: TH

Operation AMRITH (Antimicrobial Resistance Intervention for Total Health)

Syllabus: GS2/Health



What is Antimicrobial Resistance?

Causes for Antimicrobial Resistance

Challenges Posed by AMR

Global Efforts against Antimicrobial Resistance 

Measures Taken against Antimicrobial Resistance in India 

Way Ahead

Source: TH

Three New Space Infrastructure Projects

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