Topic 1: Indians eat more salt than WHO recommendation

Why in news: The estimated mean daily salt intake in India stands at 8 g (8.9 g a day for men and 7.1 g a day for women) against the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation of up to 5 g daily, a study has found.

Key findings of the report:

Significance of the study:

Limitations of the study:

Topic 2: Odisha wants to have its own tiger census

Why in news: After it announced a tiger census of its own, questioning the findings of the All-India Tiger Estimation (AITE) 2022, the Odisha government has unveiled how it plans to carry out the exercise.

Key details:

Odisha’s contention

What does Odisha aim for with its own survey?

Where will the survey be carried out?

How will the survey be done?


Topic 3: Tigers dying in Nilgiris district

Why in news: A total of 10 tigers (six cubs and four adults) have died in the Nilgiris since the middle of August.

What are the reasons for the deaths?

What is being done:

About Nilgiri Biosphere ReserveThe Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986.It is located in the Western Ghats and includes 2 of the 10 biogeographical provinces of India. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve comprises of substantial unspoilt areas of natural vegetation ranging from dry scrub to evergreen forests and swamps thus contributing to highest biodiversity.The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve encompasses  parts of TamilnaduKerala   and Karnataka.

Topic 4: Lancet Commission report on gender inequity in cancer care

Why in news: A new Lancet Commission report on gender inequity in cancer care titled ‘Women, Power and Cancer’, has been released recently.

Key findings of the report:

What is behind the poorer outcomes for women?

Importance of screening

Role of the government:

Way forward:

Topic 5: Exercise Yudh Abhyas-23

Why in news: The 19th edition of “EXERCISE YUDH ABHYAS” will be conducted in Fort Wainwright, Alaska, USA.

About the exercise:

Topic 6: Sarna code

Why in news: Jharkhand Chief Minister recently wrote to Prime Minister of India, seeking recognition to the ‘Sarna’ code for tribals to protect their constitutional rights and religious identity.

Key details:

What is Sarna?

Who follows Sarna?

Why the demand for a separate Sarna Religion Code?

What’s the process of granting religious code?

How will Sarna’s recognition as a separate religion help?

Topic 7: Kaimur Tiger Reserve

Why in news: Bihar is all set to get its second tiger reserve in Kaimur district by the end of the year or early 2024.

Key details:

Topic 8: India Ageing Report 2023

Why in news: The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), India, has released its 2023 India Ageing Report.

Key findings of the report:
About UNFPA:The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is a UN agency aimed at improving reproductive and maternal health worldwide.Its work includes:developing national healthcare strategies and protocols,increasing access to birth control, andleading campaigns against child marriage, gender-based violence, obstetric fistula, and female genital mutilation.The UNFPA supports programs in more than 144 countriesIt is a founding member of the United Nations Development Group, a collection of UN agencies and programmes focused on fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals.

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