India-US Homeland Security Dialogue

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations


The Homeland Security Dialogue

About India and US Relations

Challenges in India and US Relations

Way Forward and Conclusion

Source: IE

World Rare Diseases Day

Syllabus: GS2/Health

In Context

What are Rare Diseases?

Do You Know?

– The first Rare Disease Day was celebrated in 2008 on 29 February, a ‘rare’ date that happens only once every four years. 
– Ever since then, Rare Disease Day has taken place on the last day of February, a month known for having a ‘rare’ number of days.

Rare Diseases in India

Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Policy Initiatives in India

Way Ahead 

Source: TH

Medicinal Cannabis

Syllabus: GS2/ Health, GS3/ Science & Technology



The Cannabis Plant and Its Compounds:

The Human Cannabinoid System:

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS):

Arguments Legalising Cannabis

Arguments against the use of Cannabis

Legal Status in India

– Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (NDPS Act) of 1985: Classifies cannabis as a Schedule I drug, meaning it has high potential for abuse.
a. Possession and Consumption: Punishable with imprisonment for up to 6 months or a fine of ₹10,000 or both.
b. Cultivation and Sale: More severe penalties, including imprisonment for up to 10 years and fines.
c. Exclusions: Bhang, which is made with the leaves of the plant, is not mentioned in the NDPS Act.

Recent Changes 2020

– CBD (cannabidiol) extracted from hemp plants legalised for medical purposes.
– 2023: Uttarakhand High Court ruled that the NDPS Act does not prohibit the cultivation of cannabis for research purposes.


Source: TH

Law Panel Readies Report on Simultaneous Polls

Syllabus: GS2/Government Policies and Interventions



Recommendations: Three major Constitutional Amendments

  1. Synchronization of Assembly elections: The Commission’s report is likely to suggest synchronising assembly elections in two stages in the next five years before all states can go to polls simultaneously with the next Lok Sabha elections in 2029.
  1. Sustainability of simultaneous polls: One of the key concerns on simultaneous polls was tackling situations where the mandate results in a hung assembly or when a government falls midway when a no-confidence vote is instituted. 
  1. Common voter list: The third Constitutional amendment to be recommended by the law panel would specifically deal with a common voter list.

Idea of Simultaneous Elections in India (One Nation One Election)

Arguments In Favour of One Nation One Election

Arguments Against One Nation One Election:

Way Ahead

Source: IE

‘Jamaat-e-Islami Jammu Kashmir’: An ‘Unlawful Association’

Syllabus: GS3/Internal Security



What is Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)?

Amendments of the Act

Issues with UAPA

India’s policy on tackling Terrorism

Source: TH

Provide Permanent commission of women in the Indian Coast Guard: SC

Syllabus: GS1/Society, GS3/Defence



Short Service Commission

Permanent Commission (PC)  for Women

Indian Coast Guard (ICG)

– ICG is a maritime law enforcement and search and rescue agency of India with jurisdiction over its territorial waters including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
– Established in 1977 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Parliament of India.
– Parent Agency: Ministry of Defence
– Headquarters: New Delhi
– Head: Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG) 

Missions of Indian Coast Guard

– Safety and protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals and other installations.
– Protection and assistance to fishermen and mariners at sea.
– Preservation and protection of marine ecology and environment including pollution control.
– Assistance to the Department of Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations.

Importance of women in defense Forces


Source: TH

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