Topic 1: Smile and Shreshta scheme

Context: The Scheme for Residential Education for Students in High Schools in Targeted Area (SHRESHTA) and Support for Marginalised Individual for Livelihood and Enterprise (SMILE) are being implemented by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

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Topic 2: Specialty Steel

Context: India emerged as world’s second largest crude steel producer since 2018 and second largest consumer of finished steel since 2019.

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What is Specialty steel?

Topic 3: SVAMITVA Scheme

Context: Union Minister of State for Panchayati Raj informed the Lok Sabha about implementation of the SWAMITVA Scheme.

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Topic 4: Tactical nuclear weapons

Context: The Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that he intends to deploy tactical nuclear weapons on the territory of Belarus

What are tactical nuclear weapons?

Topic 5: Muslim personal law on inheritance

Context: A Muslim couple from Kerala recently decided to get their marriage registered under the Special Marriage Act (SMA) so that principles of the secular Act could apply to matters of inheritance in his family.

What does Islamic law say?

The problem:

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The Special Marriage ActThe Special Marriage Act of 1954 (SMA) was passed by the Parliament on October 9, 1954.It governs a civil marriage where the state sanctions the marriage rather than the religion.The SMA enables marriage between inter-faith or inter-caste couples without them giving up their religious identity or resorting to conversion.Issues of personal law such as marriagedivorceadoption are governed by religious laws that are codified.These laws, such as the Muslim Marriage Act, 1954, and the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, require either spouse to convert to the religion of the other before marriage.Eligibility:The applicability of the Act extends to the people of all faiths, including Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhists, across India.Age:The minimum age to get married under the SMA is 21 years for males and 18 years for females.Effect on rights:Once married as per the SMA, any member of an undivided family who professes the Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh or Jain religion shall be deemed to effect their severance from the family.This would affect rights, including the right to inheritance, of the persons choosing to marry under the SMA.Procedure for a civil marriage:The parties to the marriage are required to give a notice to a “Marriage Officer” of the district in which at least one of the parties has resided for at least 30 days immediately preceding the notice.Before the marriage is solemnized, the parties and three witnesses are required to sign a declaration form before the Marriage Officer.Once the declaration is accepted, the parties will be given a “Certificate of marriage” which is essentially proof of the marriage.Objections:The clause of Objection to marriage allows any person before the expiration of thirty days from the date of the notice’s publication to object to the marriage.If an objection has been made, the Marriage Officer cannot solemnize the marriage until he has inquired into the matter of the objection and is satisfied that will not prevent the marriage from taking place, unless the person making such an objection withdraws it.Recent Court rulings:In January 2021, the Allahabad High Court ruled that couples seeking to solemnize their marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954 can choose not to publish the mandatory 30-day notice of their intention to marry.

Topic 6: Generating power from gold mines

Context: Australian technology may help generate power from defunct gold mines in Kolar Gold Fields in Karnataka.

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