Topic 1: Suing of countries for climate change

Context: The UN asked the International Court of Justice to give an ‘advisory opinion’ on whether countries have legal obligations to protect people from climate extremities.

Key details:

The resolution:

India’s position

Is the advisory opinion of the ICJ binding?

The International Court of Justice The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations.Headquarter:The seat of the Court is in The Hague (Netherlands).Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).Role:The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.Composition:The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ.Official languages:English and French.

Topic 2: Microplastics

Context: An estimated 170 trillion plastic particles weighing about 2 million metric tons are currently afloat in the oceans across the world, according to a new study.

What are microplastics?

Findings of the new study

Impact of microplastics on the oceans and marine life

Way forward:

Topic 3: Kala-azar

Context: Experimental work undertaken in mice has shown a novel quinoline derivative to be effective in sharply reducing the load of Leishmania donovaniin, also called kala-azar (black fever) both the spleen and liver of lab-grown mice.

Key details:

What is kala-azar or black fever disease?

Prevalence in India:

Topic 4: ISRO’s Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission RLV LEX

Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation and its partners successfully demonstrated a precise landing experiment for a Reusable Launch Vehicle at the Aeronautical Test Range (ATR), Chitradurga, Karnataka.

Key details:

Topic 5: Quote: The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining


Topic 6: Utkal Dibasa

Context: The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people on Utkal Dibasa. 

Key details:

Topic 7: Eravikulam National Park

Context: The Eravikulam National Park (ENP) in Kerala has a new attraction — a fernarium set up inside the park. This is the first time such a fern collection is being set up in the hill station.

Key details:

About ENP:

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