Maratha Quota Law 

Syllabus: GS2/Governance



Reservation in India

Constitutional Provisions

Arguments in Favour

Argument Against

Way ahead

Indira Sawhney judgmentThe Indira Sawhney case is also known as the Mandal Commission case. In this case, the Supreme Court stated that:Backward Classes of the Citizens of in Article 16(4) can be identified on the basis of caste and not only on the economic basis.The Supreme Court upheld the Mandal Commission’s 27 percent quota for backward classes, as well as the principle that the combined scheduled-caste, scheduled-tribe, and backward-class beneficiaries should not exceed 50 percent of India’s population.Reservation for backward classes should be confined to initial appointments only and not extend to promotions.State governments were called upon to identify creamy layer amongst the backward classes and exclude them from the purview of reservation.

Source: TH

Maldives Signs Defence Pact with China

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations

In Context


Recent Maldives-India row:

Historical context:

Significance of Maldives for India:

Geostrategic Importance:

Economic and Political Connections:

Additional Advantages:

Significance of India for Maldives:


Political Instability

Chinese Influence

Security Concerns:

Economic and Environmental Concerns:

Misperception and communication gap

Overcoming the challenges:

Way Ahead:

Source: TH

Women, Business and the Law 2024 Report

Syllabus: GS1/Society

In Context


Major Findings

How did India Perform?

Recommendations as per the Report

Source: DTE


Syllabus: GS3/Biodiversity and Conservation

In Context


Methane Emissions and Need to Track it

About MethaneSAT

Source: IE

News in Short

India’s First National Dolphin Research Centre

In News


Ganges River Dolphins (also called ‘susu’) 

Steps Taken

Source: DTE

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