Topic 1: Coastal aquaculture Bill 2023 (updated from 6th April 2023)

Context: The Coastal Aquaculture Authority (Amendment) Bill 2023 was introduced in the Lok Sabha.

Key details:

Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act 2005:The Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) has been a strong force in ensuring the regulation and registration of coastal aquaculture farms.The act mandates the Central government to ensure that these farms do not cause any ill impacts on the coastal environment.Ever since its enactment the act has been helpful in fostering the growth and development of the sector.This has led to a whopping $8 billion worth of seafood export in the last financial year.The Coastal Aquaculture Authority for regulating coastal aquaculture activities in coastal areas would consist of:a chairperson who is a current or former HC judge,a coastal aquaculture expertfour members representing coastal States on a rotation basisone member secretarymembers nominated by:the Central Department of Ocean Development,Ministry of Environment and Forests,Ministry of Agriculture,Ministry of Commerce

What are the penalties and punishment?

What is aquaculture:Aquaculture essentially means, breedingraising, and harvesting fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants.It’s farming in water.Saline water along the coast has been found to be suitable for practising aquaculture which produces shrimp, majorly.Aquaculture can be practised on about 12 lakh hectares in the country along the coast, of which only 14% has been utilized so far.This sector shows immense potential which should be harnessed

Aquaculture in India:


Way forward:

Topic 2: Governor’s function in passing a bill

Context: Tamil Nadu Governor said that if a Governor withholds assent to a Bill passed by the Assembly, it means the “Bill is dead”.

What is the Governor’s function in passing a Bill?

Topic 3: National Curriculum Framework (NCF)

Context: The Ministry of Education released the pre-draft of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for school education for public feedback.

What is NCF?

The proposed changes:

Issues with education system in India:

Way Forward


Topic 4: The Tropospheric Emissions Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO)

Context: A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket successfully launched from Florida, carrying a new NASA device that can track air pollution over North America.

About TEMPO:

What is geostationary orbit?

Topic 5: Oxfam

Context: MHA recommends CBI probe against Oxfam India for FCRA violations

Key details:

About Oxfam:

About FCRAThe FCRA was enacted during the Emergency, with the aim of curbing foreign entities from pumping money into organisations in India for achieving their own aims.Broadly, the FCRA requires every person or NGO seeking to receive foreign donations to beregistered under the Act,to open a bank account for the receipt of the foreign funds in State Bank of India, Delhi, andto utilise those funds only for the purpose for which they have been received and as stipulated in the Act.The Act prohibits the receipt of foreign funds by candidates except under some particular circumstances with requisite declarations. The prohibitions are for:elections,journalists or newspaper and media broadcast companies,judges and government servants,members of the legislature and political parties or their office-bearers, andorganisations of a political nature.Registration under FCRANGOs that want to receive foreign funds must apply online in a prescribed format with the required documentation.FCRA registrations are granted to individuals or associations that have definite cultural, economic, educational, religious, and social programmes.Following the application, the MHA makes inquiries through the Intelligence Bureau into the antecedents of the applicant, and accordingly processes the application.The MHA is required to approve or reject the application within 90 days — failing which it is expected to inform the NGO of the reasons for the same.Once granted, FCRA registration is valid for five years.NGOs are expected to apply for renewal within six months of the date of expiry of registration.In case of failure to apply for renewal, the registration is deemed to have expired.Cancellation of approvalThe government reserves the right to cancel the FCRA registration of any NGO if it finds it to be in violation of the Act.Once the registration of an NGO is cancelled, it is not eligible for re-registration for three years.All orders of the government can be challenged in the High Court.

Topic 6: LIGO-India

Context: The government has given the final go-ahead to India’s Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, or LIGO, project, clearing the way for the construction of the country’s biggest scientific facility that will join the ongoing global project to probe the universe by detecting and studying gravitational waves.

What is LIGO?

About LIGO-India:

Newton’s law of gravitationThe English mathematician Sir Issac Newton (1643-1727) had postulated that the force that makes any object fall to the ground was also the one that makes heavenly bodies go around in their orbits.Newton proposed that this was due to the fact that every celestial body exerted an attractive force on every other body in the universe.He worked out a mathematical formulation to calculate the strength of this attractive force which, he found, was directly proportional to the masses of the two bodies and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.Deficiencies in Newton’s lawThe theory did not explain the reason for the existence of the attractive force between any two bodies.Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity published in 1905, established that nothing could travel faster than the speed of light.But the gravitational force seemed to be propagating instantaneously, over any large distance, without any delay at all.Time does not even figure in Newton’s gravitational equation.General Theory of RelativityWith this, Einstein altered our understanding of gravitation with his General Theory of Relativity.He proposed that spacetime interacted with matter, was influenced by it, and in turn, itself influenced events.The curvature in spacetime so produced was the reason other smaller bodies in the vicinity felt the gravitational pull.The heavier the mass in the centre, the greater is the curvature in spacetime, and stronger the gravitational force.Einstein was able to explain the origin of the gravitational force, and also the reason for perpetual, near-circular, motion of all heavenly bodies.

Gravitational waves

How LIGO works

Topic 7: Spotlight again on Doklam

Context: During the three-day visit of Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck to New Delhi, the two sides sought to put a lid on the controversy in India over the remarks of the Bhutanese Prime Minister Lotay Tshering about border talks between his country and China.

Key details:

India’s position on Doklam

About Doklam and the dispute:

Why did India intervene if it is a matter between Bhutan and China?


Topic 8: Track and Trace system for exports

Context: Drugmakers get more time to join ‘Track and Trace’ system for exports

Key details:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *