Topic 1: Methane Global Tracker Report

Context: According to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) annual Methane Global Tracker report, fossil fuel companies emitted 120 million metric tonnes of methane into the atmosphere in 2022, only slightly below the record highs seen in 2019.

Findings of the report

Methane emissions and climate change

What is methane?

About IEAThe International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous intergovernmental organisation, established in 1974.The IEA was set up under the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in the aftermath of the 1973 oil crisisAims:provides policy recommendations,analysis and data on the entire global energy sector,analysis and data on curbing carbon emissions and reaching global climate targets, including the Paris Agreement.Members:There are 31 member countries and 11 association countries which represent 75% of global energy demand.Only OECD member states may join the IEA.India is not a member country but an association country.StructureThe Governing Board constitutes the main decision-making body of the organisation.It is composed of member country representatives and meets three to four times a year.The Ministerial Meeting is the biennial gathering of energy ministers who determine the broad direction of the IEA.Standing Groups meet multiple times a year and are made up of officials from member states.

Topic 2: Windsor Framework

Context: The UK government reached a landmark deal with the European Union (EU) on post-Brexit trade rules that will govern Northern Ireland, namely the Windsor Framework.

Key details:

Topic 3: India Wins GSMA Government Leadership Award 2023

Context: GSM Association (GSMA) has conferred Government Leadership Award 2023 to India for implementing best practices in telecom policy and regulation.

Key details:

About GSMA

Topic 4: QR Code based coin vending machine

Context: RBI would be launching a pilot project to assess the functioning of a QR-code based coin vending machine.

Key details:

About Unified Payment Interface:

Topic 5: United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Context: Representatives of fugitive ‘godman’ Nithyananda’s self-proclaimed country, the United States of Kailasa (USK), attended a discussion conducted by the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) in Geneva recently.

Key details:

United Nations Economic and Social CouncilThe United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.It is responsible for coordinating the economic and social fields of the organization.ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and formulating policy recommendations.Members:It has 54 members which are elected yearly by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms.Seats on the Council are allocated ensuring equitable geographic rotation among the United Nations regional groups:14 being allocated to the African Group,11 to the Asia-Pacific Group,6 to the Eastern European Group,10 to the Latin American and Caribbean Group and13 to the Western European and Others Group.India was elected as a member for the term 2022-24.Specialized agencies reporting to the Council:Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)International Labour Organization (ILO)International Monetary Fund (IMF)International Maritime Organization (IMO)International Telecommunication Union (ITU)United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)Universal Postal Union (UPU)World Bank Group (WBG)World Health Organization (WHO)World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

Topic 6: Self Incrimination

Context: The CBI has sought further custody of Delhi’s deputy chief minister. The deputy chief minister has argued that it would be “a travesty” if the court granted remand for self-incrimination. 

Right against self-incrimination

Topic 7: Grievance Appellate Committee

Context: The government launched the Grievance Appellate Committee (GAC), a faceless dispute resolution mechanism that makes digital platforms accountable to DigitalNagriks.  

Key details:

Amendments to Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 The original IT Rules, 2021 obligated the Social Media Intermediaries (SMIs) to merely inform its users of the rules and regulationsprivacy policy and user agreement along with the categories of content that users are prohibited from hosting, displaying, sharing etc. on the platform.This obligation on the SMIs has now been extended to ensuring that its users are in compliance with the relevant rules of the platform.Further, SMIs are required to make reasonable efforts to prevent prohibited content being hosted on its platform by the users.The other newly introduced obligation on SMIs is to respect all the rights accorded to the citizens under the Constitution, including in the articles 14, 19 and 21.SMIs are now obligated to remove information or a communication link in relation to the six prohibited categories of content as and when a complaint arises.They have to remove such information within 72 hours of the complaint being made.SMIs have been obligated to take all reasonable measures to ensure accessibility of its services to users along with reasonable expectation of due diligence, privacy and transparency.The obligation is meant to strengthen inclusion in the SMI ecosystem such as allowing for participation by persons with disabilities and diverse linguistic backgrounds.In this context, the amendments also mandate that rules and regulations, privacy policy and user agreement of the platform should be made available in all languages listed in the eighth schedule of the Constitution.

Topic 8: Ayushman Bharat Health Account

Context: Over 25 crore health records of individuals have been linked to their ABHA (Ayushman Bharat Health Account). 

What is ABHA?


What is Ayushman Bharat Scheme?The scheme’s full official name is Ayushman Bharat — National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM).The scheme offers 10.74 crore of the poorest families from the Socio-Economic Caste Census a medical insurance plan worth Rs 5 lakhrenewable every year.There is no bar on the number of family members eligible, or their ages.Insurance will include secondary and tertiary-level healthcare, which means specialised consultations and surgeries.Ayushman Bharat combines the elements of healthcare schemes from around the world and tailors them to India’s needs.

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